Glaciological data Austre Lovén Svalbard (2023)

Data creator : Eric Bernard [1]
[1] : Théoriser et Modéliser pour Aménager (UMR 6049) (Université de Franche-Comté)
Description :
These data are measured in High Arctic over an observatory basin, located at 79°N on the W coast of Svalbard.
Austre Lovén is a small 4.5 km² polythermal glacier in constant decline since the end of the LIA. The surrounding catchment is no more than 10 km² and exhibits a significant periglacial area with geomorphological features allowing an all-year monitoring.
On the glacier, a network of 40 stakes is deployed and measured at the end of the hydrological year i.e. early October. This routine maintenance is carried out twice a year and stakes are regularly changed depending on the glacier topographical evolution.
The entire observatory is referenced through the WGMS (World Glacier Monitoring Service) and is part of the french IR OZCAR.
Disciplines :
geography, physical (sciences of the universe), geosciences, multidisciplinary (sciences of the universe), meteorology & atmospheric sciences (sciences of the universe)
Access details :
To access the data, please contact the scientific data manager.

General metadata

Data acquisition date : from Oct 2008 ongoing
Data acquisition methods :
  • Observational data :
    The mass balance of a glacier is the difference between accumulation and ablation losses (melting of snow and ice), expressed in water equivalent volume, over a hydrological year.
    Measurements are taken in situ using beacons inserted in the ice. For each one, we measure how much they protrude from the ice, enabling us to deduce gains or losses by comparison from one year to the next.
    At the same time, where melting is more active (glacier front), a geodetic measurement is made using DTM difference (DoD) from LiDAR point cloud acquisitions.
Update periodicity : annually
Language : English (eng)
Formats : text/csv
Audience : Research


Spatial coverage :

  • svalbard: latitude between 78° 54' 40" N and 78° 51' 0" N, longitude between 12° 4' 59" E and 12° 16' 46" E, between 0m and 879m of altitude

Time coverage :

Publications :
  • GAILLARDET J., BERNARD E. et al., 2018 : « OZCAR: the French network of Critical Zone Observatories », Vadose Zone Journal., Vol. 17, No. 1. (doi:10.2136/vzj2018.04.0067)
  • MARLIN C., TOLLE F., FRIEDT J. M., BERNARD E. & GRISELIN M., 2017 : « Change in Geometry of a High Arctic glacier from 1948 to 2013 (Austre Lovénbreen, Svalbard) », Geografiska Annaler, Serie A Physical Geography. N°2, Vol. 99, pp. 115-138. (doi:10.1080/04353676.2017.1285203)
  • FRIEDT J. M., LAFFLY D., BERNARD E., TOLLE F., GRISELIN M., MARLIN Ch., 2012 : « Assessing the relevance of digital elevation models to evaluate glacier mass balance: application to Austre Lovénbreen (Spitsbergen, 79°N) », Polar Record, Vol. 48, N° 1, pp 2-10. (doi:10.1017/S0032247411000465)
Project and funders :
    • IPEV (Another national)
    • Région Franche-Comté (Region Franche-Comté)
Additional information :
The data comes from an observatory programme supported by the Institut Polaire Paul Emile Victor (IPEV). There is two missions a year to spot measurements and recurrent measurements (MB, temperatures and automatic photo stations) in order to make long-term observations.
Record created 29 Jun 2023 by Pauline Jobard.
Last modification : 30 Jun 2023.
Local identifier: FR-13002091000019-2023-06-29-02.


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Terms of use
Université de Bourgogne, Université de Franche-Comté, UTBM, AgroSup Dijon, ENSMM, BSB, Arts des Metiers